History of the Preferance


Preference is a commercial card game. The name is derived from the French “preference”, which translates as “preference, advantage”. The term preference has been used before, only it was used to refer to trump suit in card games. In preference play for money, but in contrast to gambling, where luck is the main factor in victories, in preference comes to the fore tactics and skill of the player. There are several versions of the game.

The first one is about French roots. The second argues that the preference was invented in Russia. And the French word in the title indicates that the noble society of that period spoke French as well as Russian.

Anyway, but the preference appeared in Russia in the XIX century. At that time, the most popular card games were media, Lomber, Whist. The latter was the ancestor of the preference. Preference fascinated people from the higher strata of society with a wealth of combinations. Famous writers of that time liked to play it: Leo Tolstoy, F.M.Dostoyevsky. In Soviet times it was played by actresses: Tatiana Peltzer, Olga Arosieva, Valentina Tokarskaya, actors and presenters: A. Jigarkhanyan, A. Arkanov, L. Yakubovich, G. Arbatov.


Deck of cards for the game of preference

The preference deck consists of 32 cards. It has 4 suits of 8 cards each, from ace to seven. The majority of suits in ascending order: spades, clubs, tambourines, hearts. A majority of suits in ascending order: seven, eight, nine, ten, jack, lady, king, ace. One of the suits can be assigned a trump, then any trump card is older than any non-trump card. In the trump suit, the seniority of the cards remains.

Card distribution

There are three players in each change. 10 cards are given out. The remaining two cards are called a buyout, and their content is unknown (until the end of the trade).

Bribery rules and order of precedence

In the differentiation the rights of the first bid in trading and the first move in the game are transferred from player to player. Upon surrender of cards, the first to announce the game is the one sitting to the left of the dealer. The player having the right of the first move and the first bid in trading is called the “first hand”. The player who follows it clockwise is the “second hand” and the last player is the “third hand”.

The first card placed on the table is called a move

Cards are laid out according to the following rules: The player must place a suit card on his turn. If there are no suit cards of a move in the hand, the player is obliged to put a trump card. If there is no trump card, any card may be placed. The bribe is taken by the player who owns the senior card in the given bribe, taking into account trumps.

The objective of the game is to play the preferential.

The meaning of the game of preference is to order and play the most advantageous game for yourself, having evaluated your cards.
There are three groups of games in the preference: the game, miser and unpacking.

The purpose of trading in preferential

The purpose of the trade is to obtain the right to purchase and order the most advantageous contract.

The process of trading in preference is as follows. Each player, one by one, in a clockwise direction, can make a bid for the game or cancel the game. When bidding for the game he must explicitly specify the type of the game and when canceling the game he must pass. The rescued player does not take part in further trading. In its turn, only one bid can be made. The minimum order is six bribes, with a peak in the trumps, i.e. 6 peaks.

The next player can order only the older game, i.e. 6 clubs, according to the older games in the table. The next order may only be 6 tambourines, etc. There is one exception to the miser. You can order miser only right away. That is, you cannot say six spades first, and then, on the next round of bidding miser.

If a player does not want to bid further, he can in turn pass. The last unsuccessful player who participated in the bidding and made the highest bid gets the right to buy and order the contract.